A Sonicator system is comprised of 3 major components: Generator, Converter and Horn (also known as a probe). The ultrasonic electronic Generator transforms AC line power to high frequency electrical energy. The generator features a keypad or buttons which allow the user to control the sonication parameters.

The generator provides high voltage pulses of energy at a frequency of 20 kHz that drives a piezoelectric Converter. The converter is a cylindrical device which is connected to the generator by a high voltage cable. The converter transforms electrical energy to mechanical vibration due to the characteristics of the internal piezoelectric crystals.The vibration is amplified and transmitted down the length of the Probe/Horn. Probes have threaded ends and attach to the converter.

During operation, the probe’s tip longitudinally expands and contracts. Amplitude is the distance the tip travels and is dependent on the amplitude setting selected by the user.